What to see in Livorno: advice on what to visit during your stay in Leghorn
Tour of the ditches by boat
Leghorn, fascinating and characteristic city where maritime traditions blend with the cultures of the Mediterranean.
A walk on the water's edge to meet typical characters who, among anecdotes and curiosities, will revive the ancient atmosphere of marine life.
At the end of the tour, in small Venice, a lunch with the flavor of cacciucco.
The old fortress
The Old Fortress is a fortification that stands on the edge of the Medici Port of Livorno. It, the result of renovations and reconstructions over the centuries, embodies the entire history of the city, from the origins to the present day.
Museum of Natural History of the Mediterranean
The Museum of Natural History of the Mediterranean in Leghorn was established in 1929 on the basis of the rich scientific material of the Cabinet of Natural History of the Technical Institute "Amerigo Vespucci", collected between 1871 and 1909 by illustrious naturalists Leghorn. Unfortunately, during the bombing of 1944 the natural heritage was destroyed.
After the war the Museum was transferred to the Municipal Aquarium and in 1952 it was reopened to the public. In 1980, the Museum was finally transferred to the current headquarters of Villa Henderson, whose main building, completely renovated, houses the operational heart of the Institute.
The Museum offers the visitor seven exhibition routes organized on an area of about 7000 square meters.
Aquarium in Leghorn
The Municipal Aquarium Diacinto Cestoni is located in Leghorn, on the edge of the picturesque scenery of the promenade and the Terrace Mascagni.
It is the largest aquarium in Tuscany and is the only structure of its kind to have within it a Greek-Roman archaeological marine area with the evocative reproduction of a shipwreck.
Amedeo Modigliani's home
Amedeo Modigliani's birthplace is located in Leghorn, in Via Roma 38, not far from the central Piazza Attias.
Here, on July 12, 1884, was born the famous painter Labronico, fourth child of a family belonging to the large Jewish community of Leghorn. It is a simple nineteenth-century building on three floors above ground.
Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni (Leghorn, 7 December 1863 - Rome, 2 August 1945) was an Italian composer and conductor. Mascagni lived between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, occupying a prominent place in the musical scene of the time, especially thanks to the immediate success and popular obtained in 1890 with his first opera, Cavalleria rusticana. Cavalleria was the first of 15 other operas for which Mascagni had a planetary popularity, along with a few other composers. However, especially today, only some of them have entered the repertoire permanently, such as the Iris, which touched the considerable number of 800 productions in less than 120 years of life.
Mascagni also wrote an operetta, Yes, vocal music, instrumental music, as well as songs, romances and compositions for piano. He also composed sacred music (for example, the beautiful Mass of Glory), and was the first Italian composer to write for silent cinema (Rhapsody Satanica, by Nino Oxilia). Finally, we should not forget the interesting experiment of "The Eternal City", a sort of symphonic suite, based on the stage music of the drama of the same name, in the wake of similar works by Luigi Mancinelli (Cleopatra, Messalina).
Montenero sanctuary and funicular
The sanctuary of the Madonna delle Grazie, much better known as the sanctuary of Montenero, stands on the hill of Monte Nero, in Livorno. The complex, elevated to the rank of basilica and held by the Vallombrosian monks, is consecrated to the Madonna delle Grazie of Montenero, patron saint of Tuscany; the sanctuary also includes a rich gallery of votive offerings and, abroad, is preceded by the famedio, the burial place reserved for some illustrious Leghorn people.
Jewish Synagogue and Culture
The synagogue of Livorno is located not far from Piazza Grande, in the pentagonal city of Buontalenti, in the large square Benamozegh. It was built on a project by the architect Angelo Di Castro and completed in 1962 on the site by the ancient synagogue, partially destroyed during the Second World War. It is with Rome, Trieste and Genoa, one of the only four great synagogues of the twentieth century in Italy and the only one to be built in the period after the Second World War.
Leghorn and the cities of art
The city of Leghorn is located in an optimal position for those who want to visit the most important cities of art in Tuscany. With a travel time ranging from 20 minutes to an hour and a half you can reach all places of interest such as: Pisa, Lucca, Florence, Siena, San Gimignano, Volterra.